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On This Day 1774 & 1776
December 22, 2021
December 22, 1774 – Following the French and Indian War, tensions erupted between the
Americans and the British, in part, over who should pay for the war that resulted in the immense
territorial gains for the British with their conquest of Quebec and French Canada. After
Parliament issued the Sugar Act, the Stamp Act, and the Tea Act, furious protests and
outbreaks occurred. One such outbreak occurred in Greenwich Township, New Jersey in
On December 22, 1774, a group of 40 colonists entered the cellar of
loyalist Daniel Bowen and quickly stole and burned chests of tea.
December 22, 1776 – The Battle of Iron Works Hill began in Mount Holly, NJ. This was a series
of minor skirmishes that took place between an American force mostly composed of colonial
militia under Colonel Samuel Griffin and a force of 2,000 Hessians and British regulars under
Colonel Carl von Donop. The two day battle was inconclusive, but it did prevent the British
troops from being sent to Trenton, thereby allowing Washington’s surprise attack on the British
positions on the banks of the Delaware River.